Dry Eyes is the most common eye disorder where the eyes do not produce good quality tears causing the Patient to have irritated, red, scratchy, burning, uncomfortable and in many cases watery eyes due to the instability of the tears. Chronic dry eye can damage the surface of your eyes and your vision. Patients may notice light sensitivity, painful eyes and in some cases impaired vision due to the damage of the front surface of the eye.
The tears are made of three components: lipid (oil layer to prevent the tears from evaporating), aqueous (water and nutrients), and mucin (to spread the tear film evenly and stabilize tears). Any decrease in the quality or the quantity of any of the three components will lead to dry eyes. Research found that 86% of dry eyes is caused by a condition called Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD), where the tear glands in the upper and the lower lids are blocked and do not produce a healthy oil layer causing the tears to evaporate quickly.
It is estimated that dry eye affects millions of adults in the United States. The risk of developing dry eye increases as you grow older. Generally, women are more likely to higher prevalence of dry eye in comparison to men. Over 80% patients we see have some degree of dry eye and/or blepharitis symptoms.